However, a few still flourish, with tourists as their primary audience. The musical forms most associated with music hall evolved in part from traditional folk song and songs written for popular drama, becoming by the s a distinct musical style.
Subject matter became more contemporary and humorous, and accompaniment was provided by larger house-orchestras as increasing affluence gave the lower classes more access to commercial entertainment and to a wider range of musical instruments, including the piano. The consequent change in musical taste from traditional to more professional forms of entertainment arose in response to the rapid industrialisation and urbanisation of previously rural populations during the Industrial Revolution.
The newly created urban communities, cut off from their cultural roots, required new and readily accessible forms of entertainment. Music halls were originally tavern rooms which provided entertainment, in the form of music and speciality acts, for their patrons. By the middle years of the nineteenth century, the first purpose-built music halls were being built in London.
The halls created a demand for new and catchy popular songs that could no longer be met from the traditional folk song repertoire. Professional songwriters were enlisted to fill the gap. The emergence of a distinct music hall style can be credited to a fusion of musical influences.
Music hall songs needed to gain and hold the attention of an often jaded and unruly urban audience. In America, from the s, Stephen Foster had reinvigorated folk song with the admixture of Negro spiritual to produce a new type of popular song. Songs like " Old Folks at Home "  and " Oh, Dem Golden Slippers " James Bland,  spread round the globe, taking with them the idiom and appurtenances of the minstrel song.
Other influences on the rapidly developing music hall idiom were Irish and European music, particularly the jig , polka , and waltz. Typically, a music hall song consists of a series of verses sung by the performer alone, and a repeated chorus which carries the principal melody, and in which the audience is encouraged to join. In Britain, the first music hall songs often promoted the alcoholic wares of the owners of the halls in which they were performed.
Songs like "Glorious Beer",  and the first major music hall success, Champagne Charlie had a major influence in establishing the new art form. When asked why the tune should be used like this, William Booth is said to have replied "Why should the devil have all the good tunes? By the s, the songs were free of their folk music origins, and particular songs also started to become associated with particular singers, often with exclusive contracts with the songwriter, just as many pop songs are today.
Towards the end of the style the music became influenced by ragtime and jazz , before being overtaken by them. Music hall songs were often composed with their working class audiences in mind. Music hall songs could be romantic, patriotic, humorous or sentimental, as the need arose. Although a number of songs show a sharply ironic and knowing view of working class life, there were, too, those which were repetitive, derivative, written quickly and sung to make a living rather than a work of art.
The typical music hall comedian was a man or woman, usually dressed in character to suit the subject of the song, or sometimes attired in absurd and eccentric style. Until well into the twentieth century, the acts were essentially vocal, with songs telling a story, accompanied by a minimum of patter. They included a variety of genres, including:.
The vocal content of the music hall bills, was, from the beginning, accompanied by many other kinds of act, some of them quite weird and wonderful. These were known collectively as speciality acts abbreviated to "spesh" , which, over time, have included:.
London was the centre of music hall with hundreds of venues, often in the entertainment rooms of public houses. With the decline in popularity of music hall, many were abandoned, or converted to other uses such as cinemas, and their interiors lost.
There are a number of purpose-built survivors, including the Hackney Empire , an outstanding example of the late music hall period Frank Matcham This has been restored to its Moorish splendour and now provides an eclectic programme of events from opera to "Black Variety Nights". A mile to the south is Hoxton Hall , an example of the saloon style. It is unrestored but maintained in its original layout, and currently used as a community centre and theatre. The hall closed in the s and currently forms part of a bookshop.
In Clapham , The Grand , originally the Grand Palace of Varieties , has been restored, but its interior reflects its modern use as a music venue and nightclub. The building has been extensively modernised and little of the original layout remains.
This example of the "giant pub hall" survived use as a church, fire, flood and war intact, but was virtually derelict, after its use as a rag warehouse, in the s. The Wilton's Music Hall Trust has embarked on a fund-raising campaign to restore the building.
Many of these buildings can be seen as part of the annual London Open House event. There are also surviving music halls outside London, a notable example being the Leeds City Varieties with a preserved interior. It was restored in , and is a fine example of the late Edwardian style. It is now a receiving theatre for touring productions and opera. In Nottingham , the Malt Cross music hall retains its restored cast-iron interior.
It is run as a cafe bar by a Christian charitable trust promoting responsible drinking, also as the location of a safe space late at night and for operating a street pastor service. It is an award-winning and popular venue true to its original purpose of providing a venue for up-and-coming musical acts.
McFarlane, remains standing, with much of the theatre intact but in a poor state, having closed in There is a preservation trust attempting to rescue the theatre. One of the few fully functional music hall entertainments is at the Brick Lane Music Hall in a former church in North Woolwich. The Players' Theatre Club is another group performing a Victorian-style music hall show at a variety of venues, and The Music Hall Guild of Great Britain and America stage music hall-style entertainments.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Music-hall. Type of British theatrical entertainment popular between and This article is about the British form of theatre and the venues associated with it. For other uses of the term, see Music Hall disambiguation.
Song and supper room theatre. Variety show Vaudeville. Park The Variety Stage See also: Music hall songs. See also: List of British music hall musicians. Aug 19, Willis Morgan rated it liked it. Paula rated it it was amazing Nov 24, Anna rated it it was amazing Jul 19, Renee rated it really liked it Oct 18, Jenni rated it liked it Oct 28, Kristyn rated it really liked it Apr 28, Petra rated it it was ok Apr 27, Kandi Smith rated it liked it Aug 28, Emily marked it as to-read Dec 30, Macrow marked it as to-read Oct 28, Ashley Aselin marked it as to-read Jan 01, No marked it as to-read Jan 03, Freja added it Feb 25, Emily marked it as to-read May 14, Molly marked it as to-read Jun 25, Veronica Mccullough marked it as to-read Aug 24, Jayne Severin marked it as to-read Aug 28, Cathy Noble marked it as to-read Aug 29, Starr Austin marked it as to-read Sep 27, Annamaria Kiss added it Oct 22, Christina marked it as to-read Dec 27, Ashley Earley marked it as to-read Dec 30, Stephen Primes marked it as to-read Jan 07, Mary Andreopoulos marked it as to-read Jan 22, Mac Donald marked it as to-read Jan 22, Krysta marked it as to-read Jan 23, Ujjyani Banerjee marked it as to-read Mar 10, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
Halls enlisted in the Army in at Pueblo, Colorado. After training, Halls qualified as a paratrooper at Fort Benning, and headed to England in , to await further orders. He then jumped into Normandy on June 6, He landed around the town of Ste.
He met up with 1st Lt. Richard D. Winters of Easy Company, and identifies himself as being from Able Company, and was a radioman, except he lost his radio during the jump. The Union Co. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Halle Brothers. Defunct department store chain. Cleveland , Ohio. United States. Shopping on the upper avenue. Euclid Avenue: Cleveland's sophisticated lady, June 6, Crain's Cleveland Business. The Plain Dealer. August 21, Cleveland Press collection, Cleveland Memories.
Retrieved June 10, October Halle's: memoirs of a family department store Cleveland, Ohio: Geranium Press.Sep 25, · Saltaire 08 The Hall Brothers Band featuring Nick Hall, Duncan Hall, John Carey and Chris Bunyan at Saltaire Festival