We also accept. EPS and. Check your file to make sure it meets our file creation guidelines. This will help speed up the production of your project and give your printed piece the best results.
Depending on what program you use to create your file, this may or may not change the total image area of your file. Do not put critical information or images within the Safe Area.
This is to prevent minor cutting variations from leaving unintended results at the trim edge. If you choose to make less than this minimum clearance, we will NOT be responsible for items that are cut off in this area. If our prepress department sees anything questionable with your file, we will contact you via email with our concerns. Should prepress email you, please note that your job is not considered fully submitted until you respond to this email.
This should be factored into your turnaround time. No Proof, Run As-Is jobs print from the exact file s you upload unless it is not possible to print because your supplied file does not match the specifications ordered.
The verbiage on the file, this will indicate the page position after folding. Please Note: The charge for our technical team to review your file when first submitted is included in the price of your order.
If they note technical concerns with your file, they may email you with their concerns so you can upload a corrected file. If subsequent uploads still contain errors, you may be charged an additional prepress fee to review your file again. We create fully custom designs that help represent your company, brand or product in a professional way. Custom Design includes consulting to come up with a concept and design revisions, so you're truly part of the process.
You can also add either a basic or corporate custom designed logo to your design. With this option you get complete, professional custom design for the product of your choosing. Do not allow fuels or other corrosive substances to stay in contact with the vinyl. Clean all spills as soon as possible. If normal cleaning procedures do not work to remove fuel or other difficult debris try spot cleaning with isopropyl alcohol or a citrus based cleaner with a microfiber towel.
Do not apply carnauba-based wax or any type of wax, polish, matte or carbon fiber over vinyl graphics. Doing so will result in deterioration of the vinyl film. Do not use mechanical brush or pressure washing on vehicle vinyl. The acquisition layer receives liquids that pass through the topsheet and distributes them to underlying absorbent layers. In such a case, the topsheet may be less hydrophilic than sub-layer s , which may lead to better dewatering of the topsheet. In other embodiments, the topsheet can be more hydrophilic than the sub-layer s.
In some cases, the pore size of the acquisition layer may be reduced, for example via using fibers with smaller denier or via increasing the density of the acquisition layer material, to better dewater the pores of the topsheet. The second nonwoven layer that may serve as the topsheet can have any suitable properties.
The second nonwoven layer may be absorbent. Properties of interest for the second nonwoven layer, when it serves as a topsheet, in addition to sufficient extensibility and plastic deformation may include uniformity and opacity.
Darker areas indicate relatively lower opacity as well as lower basis weight and lower density than white areas. Several examples of nonwoven materials suitable for use as the second nonwoven layer 30 B include, but are not limited to: spunbonded nonwovens; carded nonwovens; and other nonwovens with high extensibility apparent elongation in the ranges set forth above and sufficient plastic deformation to ensure the structure is set and does not have significant recovery.
The fibers can comprise a blend of polypropylene and polyethylene, or they can be bi-component fibers, such as a sheath-core fiber with polyethylene on the sheath and polypropylene in the core of the fiber. The first nonwoven layer that may, for example, serve as the acquisition layer can have any suitable properties. Properties of interest for the first nonwoven layer, in addition to sufficient extensibility and plastic deformation may include uniformity and opacity.
If the first nonwoven layer serves as an acquisition layer, its fluid handling properties must also be appropriate for this purpose. Such properties may include: permeability, porosity, capillary pressure, caliper, as well as mechanical properties such as sufficient resistance to compression and resiliency to maintain void volume. Of course, the composite structure may be inverted and incorporated into an article in which the first layer serves as the topsheet and the second layer serves as an acquisition layer.
In such cases, the properties and exemplary methods of the first and second layers described herein may be interchanged.
The layers of a two or more layered nonwoven web structure can be combined together in any suitable manner. In some cases, the layers can be unbonded to each other and held together autogenously that is, by virtue of the formation of deformations therein. In other embodiments, the layers can be joined together by other mechanisms. If desired an adhesive between the layers, ultrasonic bonding, chemical bonding, resin or powder bonding, thermal bonding, or bonding at discrete sites using a combination of heat and pressure can be selectively utilized to bond certain regions or all of the precursor webs.
In addition, the multiple layers may be bonded during processing, for example, by carding one layer of nonwoven onto a spunbond nonwoven and thermal point bonding the combined layers. In some cases, certain types of bonding between layers may be excluded. For example, the layers of the present structure may be non-hydroentangled together. If adhesives are used, they can be applied in any suitable manner or pattern including, but not limited to: slots, spirals, spray, and curtain coating.
Adhesives can be applied in any suitable amount or basis weight including, but not limited to between about 0. Examples of adhesives could include hot melt adhesives, such as polyolefins and styrene block copolymers.
A certain level of adhesive may reduce the level of fuzz on the surface of the nonwoven material even though there may be a high percentage of broken fibers as a result of the deformation process. Glued dual-layer laminates produced as described herein are evaluated for fuzz. The protrusions are oriented away from the abrader so the land area in between the depressions is the primary surface abraded.
Delamination is best prevented by glue basis weight, for example a glue basis weight greater than 3 gsm, and glue coverage. When the precursor nonwoven web comprises two or more layers, it may be desirable for at least one of the layers to be continuous, such as in the form of a web that is unwound from a roll. In some embodiments, each of the layers can be continuous. In alternative embodiments, one or more of the layers can be continuous, and one or more of the layers can have a discrete length.
The layers may also have different widths. For example, in making a combined topsheet and acquisition layer for an absorbent article, the nonwoven layer that will serve as the topsheet may be a continuous web, and the nonwoven layer that will serve as the acquisition layer may be fed into the manufacturing line in the form of discrete length for example, rectangular, or other shaped pieces that are placed on top of the continuous web.
Such an acquisition layer may, for example, have a lesser width than the topsheet layer. The layers may be combined together as described above. Nonwoven webs and materials are often incorporated into products, such as absorbent articles, at high manufacturing line speeds. Such manufacturing processes can apply compressive and shear forces on the nonwoven webs that may damage certain types of three-dimensional features that have been purposefully formed in such webs.
In addition, in the event that the nonwoven material is incorporated into a product such as a disposable diaper that is made or packaged under compression, it becomes difficult to preserve the three-dimensional character of some types of prior three-dimensional features after the material is subjected to such compressive forces. The nonwoven material can comprise a composite of two or more nonwoven materials that are joined together.
In such a case, the fibers and properties of the first layer will be designated accordingly e. In a two or more layer structure, there are a number of possible configurations the layers may take following the formation of the deformations therein. These will often depend on the extensibility of the nonwoven materials used for the layers. It is desirable that at least one of the layers have deformations which form protrusions as described herein in which, along at least one cross-section, the width of the cap of the protrusions is greater than the width of the base opening of the deformations.
For example, in a two layer structure where one of the layers will serve as the topsheet of an absorbent article and the other layer will serve as an underlying layer such as an acquisition layer , the layer that has protrusions therein may comprise the topsheet layer.
The layer that most typically has a bulbous shape will be the one which is in contact with the male forming member during the process of deforming the web. The heterogeneous mass may be combined with the topsheet, a secondary topsheet, or the both using formation means. A group of fibers, or in fact, a portion of the whole topsheet is physically inserted into the heterogeneous mass so that within a single X-Y plane, a fiber from the topsheet, secondary topsheet, or both, is in direct contact with one or more fibers of the heterogeneous mass.
Wells are distinguished from apertures and channels in that the outer surface of the wells includes one or more fibers from the group of fibers being integrated with the core without densifying the fibers that form the well. Use of wells may lead to various benefits including high fluid bridging between layers for reduced pooling of fluid at layer interfaces. Capillarity cascade relates to the change in capillarity as fluid moves from one layer to another layer within an absorbent structure.
The thinner the materials are in each layer or the thinner the total thickness is through all layers, and the higher the difference in capillarity work potential between each layer, the higher the capillarity work potential gradient or capillarity cascade is within the absorbent structure. Traditional absorbent structures simply cannot achieve a capillarity work potential gradient across such a small distance in either the z-direction or within an x-y plane containing multiple layers of absorbent materials.
Amongst these advantages may be, without limitation, 1. The ability to create bridging between the topsheet and the absorbent core for the purpose of absorbing complex liquids, 2. The ability to create a capillarity cascade within the topsheet to core system that allows form the moving of complex liquids into the high capillarity absorbent, 3.
An absorbent system having an absorbent core and a topsheet that may conform to complex body shapes and dynamic movement, 4.
An absorbent system having an absorbent core and a topsheet that has improved tactile feel. Specifically, the wells allow for improved drainage via the wells from the topsheet to the absorbent core when fluid is placed on the topsheet. The number of wells in an absorbent structure is set according to the pattern chosen during the formation means.
The wells are identified and can be seen within the same XY plane as the integrated layers. A group of fibers from the topsheet are integrated into the heterogeneous mass layer which comprises open cell foam. The group of fibers may be between 10 and 10, fibers per grouping, such as, for example, 10 fibers per grouping of fibers, 20 fibers per grouping of fibers, 30 fibers per grouping of fibers, 40 fibers per grouping of fibers, 50 fibers per grouping of fibers, 60 fibers per grouping of fibers, 70 fibers per grouping of fibers, 80 fibers per grouping of fibers, 90 fibers per grouping of fibers, fibers per grouping, fibers per grouping, fibers per grouping, 1, fibers per grouping, 2, fibers per grouping, 3, fibers per grouping, 4, fibers per grouping, 5, fibers per grouping, 6, fibers per grouping, 7, fibers per grouping, 8, fibers per grouping, or 9, fibers per grouping.
One or more grouping of fibers may be in direct contact. At least one of the grouping of fibers has a portion that is the external surface of a portion of a well.
This is unlike traditional needlepunching that only places a few fibers down into a traditional core. Further, the group of fibers of the topsheet, or a group of fibers of the secondary topsheet and the fibers of the heterogeneous mass are in close proximity to each other within this X-Y plane, on the order of 0.
The areas of the topsheet adjacent to the wells, the topsheet, Secondary topsheet, and core are in much closer or more intimate contact.
Without being bound by theory, it is believed that the open cell foam may provide a resiliency or upward pressure against the topsheet. Additionally, the wells allow for the absorbent structure to exhibit a capillarity cascade along not only the vertical plane but also along the X-Y plane. Unlike other structures that may exhibit different capillarity profiles in the vertical direction versus within a plane, the absorbent structure having an integrated topsheet with a heterogeneous mass layer comprising wells creates a structure where the capillarity cascade is present within a plane.
This is due to the integration of the groups of fibers from the topsheet through the heterogeneous mass. The system absorbent structure having an integrated topsheet in a heterogeneous mass stratum provides surprising improvements in fluid acquisition.
Specifically, the absorbent structure allows for a drier topsheet as measured via an NMR mouse method. Further, due to the use of wells in the integrated system, the system exhibits a negative slope of fluid removal from the topsheet as measured via the NMR Mouse method. Further, fluid bridging is greatly enhanced via close integration of all three layers by a formation means. The resulting benefit is an ansorbent structure that is able to take in complex fluids at a rapid rate while providing an unmatched dryness.
This is unlike previous fast topsheets, such as hydrophilically coated topsheets that may be fast but remain wet or have high-rewet values. The integrated layer system may be quantified by the speed of moisture withdrawal from topsheet after fluid insult as measured by the NMR Mouse technique, the amount of residual moisture in the topsheet layer as measured by the NMR Mouse technique, or the rewet values of the pad as measured by the traditional rewet method.
The unique structure of this product can be measured by the amount of topsheet that is below or in-plane with the core as measured by NMR Mouse. The integrated absorbent structure may exhibit a residual fluid amount in the top 1 mm of the integrated topsheet core sample of less than 0. As shown in FIGS. The patterns include zones. Zones are areas exhibiting one of either a visual pattern, a topography, an absorption rate or property, a bending parameter, a compression modulus, a resiliency, a stretch parameter or a combination thereof.
The visual pattern may be any known geometric shape or pattern that is visual and can be conceived by the human mind. The topography may be any known pattern that is measurable and can be conceived by the human mind. Zones may be repeated or discrete. Zones may be orthogonal shapes and continuities that provide a visual appearance. The use of zones allows for tailoring of the fluid handling and mechanical properties of and within the pad. The integrated absorbent structure may have one or more visual patterns including zones along one of either the longitudinal or lateral axis of the integrated layers.
The integrated layers may have two or more zones comprising one or more visual patterns. The two or more zones may be separated by a boundary. The boundary may be a topographical boundary, a mechanical boundary, a visual boundary, a fluid handling property boundary, or a combination thereof, provided that the boundary is not a densification of the absorbent core structure. The boundary property may be distinct from the two zones adjacent to the boundary.
The absorbent structure may have a perimeter boundary that exhibits a different property than the one or more adjacent zones to the boundary. It has also been surprisingly found that using formation means to integrate the topsheet, secondary topsheet, and the heterogeneous mass results in an improved flexibility of the pad as measured by bunched compression. This is unlike traditional systems that become stiffer due to welding, glues, embossing, or when they improve capillarity through densification.
This is unlike prior approaches to improve fluid bridging such as welding, gluing or needlepunching the topsheet to the Secondary Topsheet which often leads to a potential increase in the stiffness of the resulting product or a loss in flexibility of the combined layer versus the individual layers.
The unique patterns may be leveraged such that they selectively deform some of the web enabling multiple bending modes for conforming to complex bodily shapes without meaningful degradation of the structural integrity of the absorbent product. Further, by designing the bending points in the absorbent product using formation means, one may create a product that has a better fit.
The better fit is exemplified when the product is placed in contact with the spacing in the gluteal groove. Further, by enabling the product to have three dimensional topography, the absorbent product may bend and stretch to complex shapes and various surface topographies to be closer to the body of the user.
Bending may be different for different sections. The bunched compression method is a multi-axis bending test that is executed on product or core samples. The ratio of the peak force to wet recovery energy communicates the balance between flexibility and shape stability of the product. The absorbent structure may be deformed in the z direction with low compressive force while nevertheless preserving simultaneous the ability to conform and flow with complex bodily movements. Further, the absorbent structure lacks strong densification, sharp tears, or shredding as seen with traditional cellulose based materials.
Strong densification, sharp tears, and shredding may provide sharp contour which lead to a reduction in comfort and tactile softness. Increased product flexibility may directly lead to improved comfort by the user.
Increased flexibility allows for the product to follow the topography of the user's body and thereby may create better contact between the article and the body. Further, improved flexibility leads to a better usage experience because the product behaves more like a garment and may follow the contours of the body through dynamic motions.
Another vector that improves overall comfort for the user is the level of cushion that the absorbent article may provide. Due to the direct contact with the body, increasing the cushion of the product and removing any rough surfaces leads to an improved tactile feel and comfort for the user. In market products have demonstrated a consumer desirable stiffness gradient that signals a premium quality softness and product conformance in the product thru thickness direction.
TABLE 1 Description of materials, material layers, integrated layers, suppliers, basis weight, caliper, capillarity work potential, and capillarity gradients. As shown in Table 1, Prior Art 1 is an Always Ultra Market product, Prior Art 2 is an Always Infinity product, Inventions 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, and 4c are a nonwoven topsheet with a heterogeneous mass stratum, and Inventions 3d and 4d are a nonwoven BiCo topsheet with a heterogeneous mass stratum.
As shown by the data in Table 1, the combination of different material layers and the integration of those layers can be used to create a high capillarity work potential gradient across an absorbent structure, or said another way, an optimized capillarity cascade. For instance, a capillarity gradient between two layers within an Always Ultra pad can be determined by comparing the capillarity of the first layer, e.
The distance between the top surface of the STS and the top surface of the core is 0. For a measure of the overall performance of an absorbent article, the difference between the capillarity work potential of the topsheet to the storage layer, or core, should be evaluated. The overall system has a total fluid travel distance of 1.
The actual distance the fluid has to travel from the top surface of the topsheet to the top of the heterogeneous mass core has been reduced to between 0. If the distance the fluid has to travel is reduced to 0. In the situation where surface wells as previously described have been formed by solid state formation, the distance between the topsheet and core may be as less than or equal to 0.
Table 2A and 2B. Examples from combining different materials, cores, topsheet integration, types of integration and resulting mechanical characteristics. Tables 2A and 2B combined show separates mechanical characteristics into three distinct groups. The invention samples are integrated.
The Bunch Compression data is important to the consumer because a product that is too stiff when dry will be uncomfortable to wear as it will tend to chafe the inner thigh during movement. Further, a product that tends to disintegrate after becoming wet or soiled will also be uncomfortable to wear as it will tend to remain bunched and not provide good coverage of the panty.
Kawabata drape testing is a common industrial standard method for measuring the ability of a material to bend. Given the complex geometry of the intimate area, it has been found that a desirable dry bending measurement according to this method is between 2 and A desirable wet bending measurement is between 1.
Lay the straightedge over the scrap at a point outside the damaged area, and run the knife along its side, cutting through both the scrap and flooring material at the same time. Repeat the procedure on the remaining three sides of the damaged area, always cutting through both the scrap and flooring at the same time.
When the cuts are complete, the tape can be removed from the scrap and the damaged area lifted out or peeled away from the floor. The piece cut from the scrap should exactly match the hole in the flooring. To complete the repair, clean any dirt from the surface of the floor where the damaged piece was removed, spread some vinyl flooring cement inside the hole, press the patch in place and roll with a wood roller.
To make the patch even more professional, treat the edges of the patched area with a flooring sealer of the type used to bond sheet-flooring joints. B2 - Voigas. Wicked Vinyl 04 RP. Out of stock. No Police feat. Ragga Twins. Wicked Vinyl 05 RP. No Guns Inna Dance feat. Demolition Man. Lustig Ist Das Rauberleben!The only official source for WICKED THE MUSICAL merchandise - Wicked t-shirts, Wicked CDs, Wicked programs, Wicked sweatshirts, Wicked gifts, and more.